No matter where you are when a fire breaks out, the first rule is: GET OUT, then call for help. Smoke and toxic gases kill more people than flames do. Breathing even small amounts of smoke and toxic gases can make you drowsy, disoriented and short of breath.
Fire survival tips
- ALWAYS install smoke alarms at home and change the batteries every year.
- NEVER use the phone in a burning building to call for help; leave the building to make the call. Remember, time is the biggest enemy and every second counts.
- NEVER open a closed door if it feels hot to the back of your hand. Escape through a window if a door feels hot or if your escape route is blocked.
- If you can’t escape, hang a light-colored cloth or sheet out the window to signal that you are trapped.
- Avoid smoke and toxic gases when you exit by crawling or keeping as low as possible. Cover your mouth.
- Teach everyone in the household two ways to escape from each room Practice your home escape plan with your family.
- Agree in advance on a safe place to assemble the household and be accounted for, like the front yard. Designate a back-up meeting site nearby, such as a neighbor’s house.
- Exit Drills In The Home (E.D.I.T.H) (PDF)
- Plan and practice a home fire drill (PDF)
- Planee y practique un simulacro de incendio en su casa (PDF)